Sports Injuries

Sports Injury

A bruise or contusion is damage to small blood vessels which cause bleeding within the tissues. A muscle strain is a small tear of muscle fibers and a ligament sprain is a small tear of ligament tissue. The body’s response to these sports injuries is inflammation. Inflammation is characterized by pain, localized swelling, heat, redness and a loss of function. Some examples are:

  • Sprains and Strains
  • Knee Sprains
  • Wrist Sprain
  • Ankle Sprain
  • Head Injuries; Concussion


Any tendon or muscle injury resulting from overuse, usually in the hand, wrist, or arm. Symptoms include pain, tingling, weakness, numbness, swelling, cracking, stiffness, or reduced coordination. Common conditions are:

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome, where swelling of the membrane linings in your wrist surrounding the tendons that bend your fingers compresses the median nerve. This may result in numbness and pain in the hand, arm, shoulder, and neck.
  • Tennis elbow, where rotating your wrist and using force causes a form of epicondylitis.
  • Tendinitis, where unaccustomed exercise or repeated awkward movements inflame wrist, elbow, or shoulder tendons, often leading to severe stiffness.

common sports injuries infographic