Spinal Conditions & Back Pain


The epidemic of back pain is enormous: It’s a $44 billion industry, it’s the leading workers’ comp injury, it’s the leading reason for disability for people under the age of 45, it will strike 90% of all American adults, it’s the second-leading surgical procedure, and it’s only getting worse.causes of spinal cord injury infographic

  • Up to 85% of the US Population will have Back Pain at some time in their life
  • On any given day 6.5 million people are in bed because of back pain
  • 5.4 million Americans are disabled annually due to back pain
  • An estimated 93 million workdays are lost each year due to back pain
  • 90% of all back pain resolves in 6-12 weeks
  • 5-10% of low back pain becomes chronic
  • Only 20% of all back surgeries are successful after 2 years
  • The total number of spine surgeries in the U.S. approaches 500,000 per year
  • An estimated $45 – 54 billion is spent on the treatment of low back pain per year

Acute Conditions

Pain that lasts a long time is called chronic, and pain that resolves quickly is called acute. Traditionally the distinction between chronic and acute pain has been the interval of time from onset; the two most commonly used markers being 3 months (acute) and 6 months (chronic) since the onset of pain.

Sciatica pain is a condition that involves pinching or irritation of the sciatic nerve. This often causes pain, tingling, numbness that runs down the lower back and down one leg.

What are the Symptoms of SI Joint Injury?

Pain located either to the left or right of your lower back. The pain can range from an ache to a sharp pain which can restrict movement. The pain may radiate out into your buttocks and low back and will often radiate to the front into the groin. Occasionally it is responsible for pain in the testicles among males. Occasionally there may be referred pain into the lower limb which can be mistaken for sciatica.

Classic symptoms are difficulty turning over in bed, struggling to put on shoes and socks and pain getting your legs in and out of the car. Stiffness in the lower back when getting up after sitting for long periods and when getting up from bed in the morning. Aching to one side of your lower back when driving long distances. There may be tenderness on palpating the ligaments which surround the joint.

Causes of Sacroiliac Pain

Causes of Sacroiliac joint pain can be split into four categories:

  • Traumatic
  • Biomechanical
  • Hormonal
  • Inflammatory joint disease


Some examples of chronic pain are: chronic back pain, chronic fatigue syndrome, failed back surgery, fibromyalgia, or degenerative disc disease. Degeneration of the lumbar disc, associated degenerative facet arthritis, and spinal stenosis are the most common causes of low back and leg pain in the aging population, and the mature athlete is not immune from these conditions.

Tens of millions of Americans suffer from chronic pain — pain that lasts longer than six months. Chronic pain can be mild or excruciating, episodic or continuous, merely inconvenient or totally incapacitating.
With chronic pain, signals of pain remain active in the nervous system for weeks, months, or even years. This can take both a physical and emotional toll on a person and their lifestyle.